When is prostate cancer treatment required?
Prostate Cancer a common occurrence is men affects the prostate glands causing acute difficulties. The spread of the cancer can be slow or speedy in a patient. The abnormal growth of cells often causes difficulty while urinating, blood in semen, pain in the pelvic region, erectile dysfunction and other related problems. Prostate Cancer can spread to other parts of the body also and thus can be metastatic in nature.
Types of prostate cancer
Some men might be suffering from low-risk prostate cancer where surgery might not be needed. Often such patients are recommended active surveillance where regular checkups and biopsies are performed to check the growth of the abnormal cells. In case the growth is speedy, then necessary steps are taken which comprise surgery and other therapies like radiation therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy and hormonal therapy.
Different methods to perform prostate cancer treatment
The treatments available for prostate cancer are as follows:
- Surgical procedure where the affected prostate gland is removed by the process of radical prostatectomy along with some healthy tissues surrounding the tumor and a few lymph nodes.
- Radiation therapy can also be used. Either external beam radiation or brachytherapy which involves placing of radioactive substance inside one’s body can be done. High powered beams are focused on the patient’s affected area for a considerable span. In brachytherapy, however the radioactive materials provide low dose of radiation over a longer period of time and may not be removed after the treatment as after a point of time, it loses its radioactive effects.
- Chemotherapy can be injected via the wrist and helps dealing with prostate cancer that has gradually spread to other parts of the body also.
- Hormone therapy helps in ceasing the production of testosterone which helps the cancer cells to further multiply themselves .Medications are prescribed for this which has a beneficial result in the treatment of the patient. In an early stage of the cancer, the therapy also reduces the size of the tumor and can be jointly used with radiation therapy for better outcome.
- Immunotherapy or biological therapy makes usage of the patient’s immune system itself to deal with the cancer cells. Immunotherapy is often done via the artificial development of some cells that helps in boosting the patient’s in built immune system.
- Freezing of the prostate tissue can also be done by the method of cryosurgery. Gases are used in the procedure that ultimately kills the malignant cells. However, this method has its own complications and side effects. Thus, it is used seldom as a salvage therapy for men who have not responded favorably to radiation or hormone therapy.
How it is done?
The surgery performed for removal of the tumor from the prostate gland can be done via two methods:
- Robot assisted surgery-In this method, the instruments are fitted to a mechanical device and channelized through the abdomen via an incision. Robotic prostatectomy helps the surgeon to make prompt and precise movements with surgical instruments and is not an extensive procedure like the traditional method of surgery.
- Radical prostatectomy is also performed where an incision is done in the abdomen, and the prostate gland is removed for ensuring a better recovery. It can be done through Retropubic, perineal or laparoscopic techniques.
Precautions / Points to remember
Patients suffering from prostate cancer should keep certain things in mind before proceeding with the necessary treatment.
- Men getting diagnosed with prostate cancer often are detected with genetic traces of the disease. Often if women in the family have had cases of breast cancer( BRCA1 or BRCA2), then there persists a chance for a man to get affected with prostate cancer.
- Both prostate cancer and its consequential treatment can give rise to difficulties in urinating.
- Often chemo and radiation therapy can result in erectile dysfunction.
- Obesity makes the treatment procedure more complex.
Success rate of prostate cancer treatment
Prostate cancer are men often is slow growing and its effective prognosis, assures high survival rates compared to any other cancer. 70% of the people detected with this cancer face a complete recovery and survival rates are quite higher.92% of prostate cancer are detected in an early stage and almost all the patients suffering from local or regional cancer have survived for more than five after the treatment. However, if the cancer is at an advanced stage and has spread in the body, then survival rates fall and treatment too becomes less effective.
Cost of prostate cancer treatment in India?
The cost incurred for the treatment of prostate cancer in India, is comparatively lower than other developed countries of the west. Generally the cost commences from $5500 and might increase depending on the stage of the cancer and the treatments required for treating it. The average cost ranges between $5000 upto $9500 in the private hospitals. The low cost yet effective treatment in India attracts people from abroad also to get their treatment done here.
Top Indian hospitals for prostate cancer treatment
India has a wide network of hospitals providing successful treatment to patients suffering from prostate cancer:
- Tata Memorial Cancer Hospital, Mumbai
- Rajiv Gandhi Super Speciality Hospital, Delhi
- Max Super Speciality Hospital, Delhi
- Dharamshila Cancer Hospital and Research Center, Delhi
- Globals Hospital, Mumbai
- Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai
- Asian Cancer Institute, Mumbai
- Nanavati Super Speciality Hospital, Mumbai
- Medanta-The Medicity, Gurgaon
- Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon
Best prostate cancer treatment surgeons in India
Some of the well known oncologists dealing with prostate cancer in India are:
- Dr. Yuvaraja T B (Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital)
- Dr. Anant Kumar (Max Super Speciality Hospital)
- Dr. Satinder Kaur (Dharamshila Cancer Hospital and Research Center)
- Dr. Rakesh Khera ( Medanta- The Medicity)
- Dr. Mahendra Jain (Fortis Hospital,Bangalore)
- Dr. Sudhir K Rawal (Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Hospital, Delhi)
- Dr. Govardhan Reddy (Aster CMI Hospital, Bangalore)
- Dr. Boman N Dhabar (Tata Memorial Hospital)
- Dr. Narasimhan Subramanian ( Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Delhi)
- Dr. Prasun Ghosh (Medanta- The Medicity)
- A patient from Seattle narrates his fruitful experience in India:
“I had difficulty while urinating and on visiting a physician I got to know that I had prostate cancer. I got a MRI done which confirmed the diagnosis and the presence of carcinoma in me. After consulting with my doctor I decided to get my treatment done in India because it would keep the treatment cost within my budget. A friend suggested me to get in touch with Medicure Assist who recommended me to Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai. They also got my booking done and gave me the necessary details of the amount that would be required in the procedure. On visiting the doctor at the hospital, he discussed with me the treatment procedure and also informed me about the long term side effects. After consulting him, I was sure of getting treated under him. I underwent a Robotic surgery that was followed by radiation and hormone therapy. A catheter was placed that helped me to urinate and was removed after a week from the surgery .While undergoing the treatment, I had a burning sensation while urinating but no serious complications arose. Follow up physical examinations and scans showed improvement in my health. Throughout the entire span of my treatment apart from my doctor, Medicure Assist proved to be extremely helpful to me. They provided for the conveyance whenever I was in need during my radiation therapy and also helped me with a reasonable place of accommodation. I could rely on them completely regarding any health issue. I believe things would have been quite different and difficult for me to manage if not with the aid of the entire team of Medicure. I am grateful to them for facilitating my easy recovery and also would convey my regards to my oncologist for his constant cooperation during the treatment process.”
- A 35 year old man from Berlin shares his experience on dealing with prostate cancer:
“My world came to a standstill when I found out that I have prostate cancer. With the support of my family I decided to take the plunge for getting myself free of cancer. The cost needed for the treatment in my city was quite high and I began rethinking about my decision. I began searching for other options on the internet when I came across testimonials of patients writing about their successful surgery in India at a budget friendly price. Without further delay, I got in touch with a medical tourism site, Medicure Assist who cooperated with me promptly. They gave a fair calculation about the cost that would be needed and also gave me a detailed list of the hospitals along with their treatment facilities. I thought of visiting India and availing my treatment there. Medicure Assist got my bookings done and got me an appointment date with the urologist also. On visiting the doctor and going through my medical reports, he suggested that since my cancer was at an early stage radiation therapy would come handy. As per his instructions I underwent radiation therapy for 2 months and was then prescribed with hormonal therapy. My condition improved and soon I was fit again. Regular screenings are advised to me for keeping a check on my health. I am extremely satisfied with the medical help I received from the hospital and my doctor rendered the treatment in a very dedicated manner. Lastly, I owe a lot of gratitude for Medicure Assist without whose constant guidance; my recovery would not have been possible. They played a major role in helping me with the intricacies of the treatment, starting from conveyance to the required medications. I am leading a normal, active life now and for that the medical support I got from India is indeed worthy of praise.”