The hip is made of many of the thigh bone and a pelvis socket. It has a circular socket in which the thigh bone fits itself with the help of various tissues and veins. At the end of the thigh bone, there is a mushroom like structured bone called as the femur. This structure is inserted into the pelvis socket. Between the hip joint, there is a continuous secretion of a fluid, which lubricates the joint and reduces the friction between the bones and making it easy while walking, running and during other physical movements which involves the movement of the hips. With the increasing age of the person, the secretion of this lubricating fluid gets reduced. Due to less lubrication, the joining bones rub on each other. This makes the bones rough like sandpaper. The cartilage over the femur gets slowly degraded.
Total Hip Replacement Surgery
In total hip replacement surgery the damaged bone is cut off along with its stem. Then an implant is attached to this bone. The implant looks exactly like the femur. Hence it is called as the femoral head. Also, the pelvis socket is covered with a metal cap. In spite of the implants, the fluid doesn’t stop lubricating the artificial joint. This implant can be made of metal, plastic etc. The life of this surgery is 10-15 years depending on the age of the person. After 10-15 years, the implants are needed to be cleaned or replaced.
Types of total hip replacement
There are 2 types of hip replacement surgeries. They are as follows:
- Total Hip Replacement surgery: In this type of surgery, the damaged thigh bone is cut of along with the stem and an artificial femoral hear is attached to it. But the pelvis socket is kept as it was before the surgery. It is just roughened a bit so as it hold the new femoral head firmly and allows a smooth movement of the hip bone without any pain or dislocation.
- Hybrid Total Hip replacement surgery: In this surgery the femoral head is made of one material while the pelvis socket is made of another material. Thus it is called as a hybrid surgery. The combinations can be as follows:
- Metal- on-metal
- Metal on metal Total Hip replacement surgery:
In this surgery, both, the femoral head as well as the pelvis socket are made of metal. The people who undergo this type of surgery do not have a high risk of dislocation.
Different types of surgeries are advised to the patients by the surgeons depending on the patient’s age, health background, structure of the bones etc. each type of Total Hip replacement surgery have its own pros and cons.
Types of implant used
There are many kinds of implants available for the purpose of replacement. The surgeons check the damage caused to the hip and based on that decide which implant must be used for the patients. Following are some of the implants:
- Fixed bearing implants: In this implant, the stem of the implant is inserted in the cut of bone. It has a femoral head made of metal or plastic. In most of the Total Hip replacements, this implant is used.
- Hybrid implant: in this implant, one of the implant (femoral head or the pelvis socket) is attached with cement and the other one is inserted without cement.
- Mobile bearing implants: This implant is similar to that of fixed bearing implant but helps movements of hips in multiple directions, enables fast movements and also reduces the friction.
The cost of the surgery might vary based on the type of implant used.
What is minimally invasive hip replacement?
In the modern era of medical sciences, a new method of surgery is invented. In this method the surgeon needs to do an incision of only 5-10mm is done (which is very small as compared to the traditional surgery. Then through an insertion of a small HD camera, the inside of the hips is examined and with the help of small tools, the Total Hip Replacement surgery is done. This method of Total Hip replacement surgery is called as the Total Hip Arthroplasty. With the use of this method, the important tissues in the hip area remain intact due to a smaller incision. It also helps the patient to recover fast and start his daily activities. With the help of the latest technology surgeons are not able to attain perfection in such surgeries with minimum harm to the patients.
Hip surgery cost in India
As compared to the other countries, the hospitals in India provide the Total Hip Replacement surgery at a very low cost. The costs starts from 5 lakhs which include the doctor’s fees, service of the hospital, medicines and other incidental costs. In spite of the low costs, the Indian hospitals do not compromise on the quality of service they provide to the patients. The hospitals are equipped with the globally tested surgical tools and equipments, best trained staff and a very caring environment. This is the reason why many people come to India from UK, USA, Europe, Middle East etc. to get the hip surgeries done.
Top hospitals for Total Hip Replacement
- Fortis Hospital, Kolkata
- Nanavati Hospital, Mumbai
- MGM Hospital, Mumbai
- Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Delhi
- Moolchand Medcity, Delhi
- Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon
- Medanta Hospital, Gurgaon
- Fortis Memorial Research institute, Gurgaon
- Sahyadri Hospital, Pune
- Apollo Hospital, Bangalore
- Fortis Hospital in Bangalore, Delhi, Chennai
Top doctors for Total Hip Replacement
There are many surgeons who have studied their specialization subject in famous universities of America and are now working as expert surgeons in India. Following are some of the most renowned doctors in this field:
- Dr. IPS Oberoi, Gurgaon
- Dr. Gyan Sagar Tucker, New Delhi
- Dr. Gaurav Prakash Bharadwaj, New Delhi
- Dr. Rakesh Mahajan, New Delhi
- Dr. Ashok Rajgopal, Gurgaon
- Dr. Jatinder Bir Singh Jaggi, Gurgaon
It is because of the best doctors and best quality service, that India is becoming the most big medical hub.